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father discipling child February 24 Chronological Bible Study

Timeline. Map. Go to today’s Bible reading (NIV) or alternate versions (use your browser arrow to return): Leviticus 24, 25

Discipline, Fairness, and Grace

Parents, employers, and other organizational leaders need to exercise discipline, but they want to do it right. The consequences for bad behavior must be fair, just and right for everyone. Fighting between siblings or squabbles between employees must be discouraged. Losses of property or respect need compensation or restoration. It is important to know when to express discipline or grace, and there is some help in this Bible study.

Discipline usually begins with an infraction of the rules which are given. Children might suffer some corporal punishment for not keeping their rooms cleaned, not doing their homework, or fighting with a sibling. Employees might be corrected for not showing up on time, inferior work, or causing dissension.

In today's Bible reading God has many rules for Israelite priests, and these have symbolic significance. The LORD instructs Aaron the high priest to keep the lamps in the tabernacle burning all night with olive oil; it is a symbol of God's continual presence within it. Like the Menorah, Jesus is the light of the world and true followers of Christ are spiritual priests (Revelation 1:5b-6).

When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life” (John 8:12, NIV).

“You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden.
Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven” (Matthew 5:14-16, NIV).

Are we obeying the command of God to be lights to the world? Our shining lights cause others to glorify the LORD and desire to follow him.

One of the things which God commands the Israelites to do is to give the land a rest (a Sabbath) from agricultural pursuits every seventh year. This will take effect when they possess the Promised Land. To the farmers this may seem foolish, but God says he will bless them for their obedience. Farmers, today, know the value of not wearing out the land and to make provisions for it. Seven hundred year later, just before the exile of his people from the land, we see that one of the offenses the LORD has against them is that they have not given the land its Sabbaths (2Chronicles 36:21). What are we doing which might bring punishment or bad consequences? How might we be a good example, instead?

Violations of God's commands usually bring punishment. What infraction gets the strictest discipline? The strictest discipline often comes upon those who act against authorities. According to today's Bible reading, the most severe punishment comes upon Israelites who speak or act against God.

Say to the Israelites: “If anyone curses his God, he will be held responsible; anyone who blasphemes the name of the LORD must be put to death. The entire assembly must stone him. Whether an alien or native-born, when he blasphemes the Name, he must be put to death.” (Leviticus 24:15-16, NIV)

God’s very name is to be considered holy and revered. How holy is his name to us? Do we curse, using his name? He takes that very seriously.

The punishment God inflicts on the blaspheming Israelite, however, does not suggest that we should kill someone who profanes the LORD's name or that we would be killed if we do the same. This law is given to Israelites who are subject to a government with decrees and laws to be obeyed with God as their sovereign (a theocratic system). Even so, the LORD may punish Christians for profaning his name, the name by which he forgives their sins, saves them from hell and gives them spiritual life and blessings.

As a principle, those who act in rebellion against authorities deserve the strictest discipline. This may be done by taking away major privileges, or even dismissal or expulsion; whatever applies best to the situation. It must not be tolerated!

How do we make corrections with fairness and equity? An old precept is found in Leviticus 24 but may still be of some use to us. “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth” basically is the concept of equitable restitution (Leviticus 24:17-22). Again, we are not a theocratic society—we have laws in this country by which we must abide, but to a degree we can apply this principle by making the punishment fit the crime. Infractions which are not as severe as previously stated must be meted out with penalties that are fair, equitable, right, sometimes merciful, and always in consideration for what is best for all involved. The goal is for the offender to learn a lesson and change his ways, not to render excessive punishment. Discipline which is fair and administered with an even hand usually stops fighting.

Jesus gives us a different perspective on the Jewish law.

You have heard that it was said, “Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.” But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you (Matthew 5:38-42, NIV).

The emphasis in the Leviticus law is justice in a civil society. The emphasis in Jesus' sermon on the mount is grace with evil people—not resisting an enemy, seeking to live peaceably, lessening offenses with kindness, humility, and selflessness, and leaving the final judgment with God (Romans 12:17-21).

How do we act with fairness and help those in our circle of society who are poor or otherwise disadvantaged? Should we just express sympathy? Should we show them compassion or show them the door? Are we to give handouts and treat them with favor? We can gain some insight on how to treat the poor, and especially those within our church, by looking at the year of Jubilee mentioned in Leviticus 25.

The word “Jubilee” in the Hebrew language literally means “ram's horn,” the blowing of which announces the beginning of that year. Later in the LXX (the Greek translation of the Hebrew text), the word is translated “release” to epitomize the function of this year of celebration (The Bible Knowledge Commentary of the Old Testament by Walvoord and Zuck, ©1985, p. 210).

The year of Jubilee is held every fifty years and starts with a trumpet blast of a ram's horn on the Day of Atonement (in late March or Early April). During this year long celebration there is a Sabbath (rest) of the land with no planting, tending, or harvesting, and each person returns to his family property and to his own clan. Each person, whether rich or poor, eats off the land from what can be reaped without planting or tilling. Nothing is to be harvested and sold.

If property or people were sold to compensate for unpaid debts, the masters can't keep them permanently, but landowners and masters are to be stewards of God's property and people for all or part of each fifty years. The LORD is the one who retains ownership. How do we view the possessions the LORD gives us? Do we view ourselves as owners or stewards?

The poor people of their land are not to be taken advantage of or sold as slaves. They serve as indentured servants and are to be released in the year of Jubilee. They are not to be ruled over ruthlessly. The masters must remember that the poor are God's servants, not their slaves. Even foreigners living among the Israelites are not allowed to keep them as slaves in the year of Jubilee. They are to be released!

The Year of Jubilee for the Israelites can be compared to the Christian Jubilee. By his sacrifice for us, Jesus Christ redeems and gives us freedom from our slavery to sin to serve our God (more...). Whether rich or poor, we are spiritually all the same. The Apostle Paul explains our new position in Christ:

... thanks be to God that, though you used to be slaves to sin, you wholeheartedly obeyed the form of teaching to which you were entrusted. You have been set free from sin and have become slaves to righteousness. (Romans 6:17-18 says, NIV)

He continues,“But now that you have been set free from sin and have become slaves to God, the benefit you reap leads to holiness, and the result is eternal life” (Romans 6:22, NIV). Praise God!

He writes to the believers in Galatia, “It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery” (Galatians 5:1, NIV).

More instructions about the year of Jubilee are given in Deuteronomy 15:7-15. When poor Israelites are released, the masters are not to be hard-hearted and tight-fisted. They are to be generous to the poor, supply them liberally, and give them a new start in life. They are to think soberly—the masters were also once slaves in Egypt before the LORD liberated them.

How should we then treat the poor today, especially those of the faith? A summary of Luke 4:18-19, Galatians 2:10, and Galatians 5:13-14 reminds us that God forgives our debts and gives us freedom. We need to remember the poor, liberally providing for their needs and giving them a hand up. We are not to selfishly think of ourselves but serve one another. We should do this as stewards of God's possessions and as brothers in Christ, remembering how the Lord redeems us. This is how we express God's grace.

Lessons to Live By

  • Are we doing anything against God or man which could incur punishment or discipline? We must stop and confess our sins.
  • Those who act in rebellion against authorities deserve the strictest of discipline.
  • Discipline which is fair and administered with an even hand usually stops fighting.
  • We are stewards of all which God has given to us.
  • The Christian Jubilee can be compared with Christ's sacrifice—he gives us freedom from sin to serve our God. This is God's grace to us. Hallelujah! (more...)
  • We should help the poor and disadvantaged as stewards of God's possessions and as brothers in Christ, remembering how the LORD redeemed us. This is how we express God's grace.

Focus Verse

Micah 6:8 (NIV) “He has showed you, O man, what is good. And what does the LORD require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God.”

praying hands Write a private prayer response to today’s Bible study:

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A Look Ahead: We know the consequences of our sins, so we need to learn to Make the Right Choice. Find out how to do this in our Next Lesson.

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